Building remains discovered at Abusir in Egypt may lead to one of the Four Lost Sun Temples of the Fifth Dynasty

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Part of the discovery – Min. Tourism & Antiquities

CAIRO – July 31, 2022: The joint Italian-Polish archaeological mission working in the temple of King Nyuserre in Abu Ghorab, north of Abusir, discovered the remains of a mud-brick building under the temple.

Preliminary studies indicate that it may be one of four lost Sun Temples of the 5th Dynasty known from historical sources, which have yet to be revealed.

Part of the discovery - Min.  Tourism & Antiquities
Part of the discovery – Min. Tourism & Antiquities

This was stated by the Secretary General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, Mustafa Waziri, stressing that excavations will be completed at the site to find out more about this building.

Part of the discovery - Min.  Tourism & Antiquities
Part of the discovery – Min. Tourism & Antiquities

Waziri said the remains of the uncovered building are accessible through a limestone entrance. It leads to the area between the storerooms to the north and the large courtyard to the west, where there is a mud-brick paved floor containing huge blocks of quartz, some with a weighted face and embedded in the ground below ground. of the Temple of King Nyuserre.

The head of the Egyptian antiquities sector at the Supreme Council of Antiquities, Ayman Ashmawy, said the remains of the building discovered indicate that it was constructed of mud bricks. It was partially removed by Nyuserre to build his temple.

Part of the discovery - Min.  Tourism & Antiquities
Part of the discovery – Min. Tourism & Antiquities

Ashmawy pointed out that many pottery vessels were discovered at the site, which may have been used in the founding rituals of the oldest temple, which were discovered in the northeast corner of the interior of the Temple of the Sun. and at the bottom of the stone slabs. of the foundations of the temple of King Nyuserre.

For his part, the director of the antiquities zone of Saqqara, Mohamed Youssef, said that the foundation deposits were found at the level of the raw brick wall of the ancient temple, which consist of beer pots, pots meidum and some red-rimmed pots.

Rosanna Birley, expedition leader from the University of Naples, said many clay seal fragments bearing royal names were also found, including the name of a Fifth Dynasty king. Much about this king is still unknown.

Birley pointed out that the new finds may indicate the presence of the king’s activities at this site, which may change our knowledge of the history of this particular king and the Fifth Dynasty in general.

Massimiliano Nozolo, head of the expedition from the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw, confirmed that the expedition will soon complete its work, with the aim of revealing the ancient temple and unveiling more secrets about this building.

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